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The grapevine, botanically Vitis vinifera, is a fruit-bearing deciduous climbing vine native to the Mediterranean region, Central Asia, and the Middle East. It is a member of the Vitaceae family.

Grapes are one of the oldest cultivated fruits in history with evidence of its cultivation dating back to 6000-4000 BC in the Middle East.

Given proper care, grapes can grow almost everywhere.

Depending on the use, grapes are classified into four general types.

Wine grapes, Table Grapes, Raisin, GrapesJuice Grapes.

However, all grape varieties can be used for any of the four purposes. it's just that some are more suitable for certain uses.

Common names : angoor' - Hindi, 'draksha' - Sanskrit

Growing Grapevine

The grapevine can grow up to 30 metres long and has a woody stem that can reach a diameter of up to 18 centimetres. It thrives in warm, dry climates with well-drained soils. It prefers full sun and moderate watering.

Grapevine should be planted 1-1.5 metres apart in well-draining soil that has been enriched with compost or manure. Pruning grapevines is recommended to keep their shape and promote fruit production. Grapevine can be grown in containers, but it requires frequent watering and may require more fertiliser to maintain its growth.

Grapevines are best suited for growing in warm and dry climates, and are commonly grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu in India.

Grape fruit taste, nutritional value

The grape fruit is round to oblong in shape, about 1-2 centimetres in diameter, and comes in green, red, purple, or black. The fruit has a sweet and tart flavour and is widely used in the production of wine, grape juice, and other grape products. The fruit is high in vitamin C and K, as well as antioxidants and fibre.

Grapes are known to have curative purposes. Studies have shown a high intake of grapes relates to fewer incidences of cancer. The high level of magnesium present is attributed to the therapeutic value of grapes.The therapeutic value of grapes is attributed to the high level of magnesium present. It assists in good bowel movement. The dark variety of grapes is especially good as blood builders.

Grape fruit is used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive disorders, respiratory infections, and skin diseases.

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