The passion fruit plant is an evergreen climbing shrub with vigorous growth. They produce round-shaped fruits that are delicious and nutritious. When fully ripe, you may either pick it or allow these fruits fall off. These fruits can be kept at room temperature for several days without spoiling, thanks to their firm shell.
- Origin: South America (Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina)
- Common names: Passion Fruit, Purple Granadilla, Yellow Passion Fruit
- Scientific name: Passiflora edulis
- Botanical family: Passifloraceae
- Edibility rating: 8/10
- Health Benefits: 8/10
- Maturity period: Seedlings: 1-3 years; Vegetative propagation (cuttings): 6-12 months
- Fruiting season: Throughout the year, with peak seasons in summer and winter (India)
- Growing in containers: Possible
- Sunlight requirement: Full sun to light shade
- Growth habit type: Climber
- Average Height: 15-20 feet (4.5-6 meters)
- Average width (canopy span): Not applicable (climbing plant)
- Growth rate: Fast
- Ease of growing: Easy
Passion fruit varieties
Depending on the colour of the fruit, yellow, purple, red, and black varieties exist. purple being the most common. The inside of the berry is filled with fruit juice and seeds.
Passion fruit juice
Passion fruit juice is a delicious and refreshing beverage that can be made from the fruit pulp of the passion fruit plant.
Cut the passion fruit in half and scoop out the pulp and seeds with a spoon. Mix the pulp and seeds with water. Add sugar as desired. Sieve the mixture and add some ice cubes to serve the juice chilled.
Passion fruit pulp with added sugar can be poured into ice cube trays and frozen, can last several weeks without getting spoilt.
Passion fruit's health benefits
Passion fruit is a fruit that is full of medicinal properties and nutrients. This fibrous fruit is a great remedy for neurological diseases and insomnia.
Passion fruit juice helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. It is also good for problems like constipation. It also helps lower blood pressure. The beta-carotene contained in passion fruit is good for bone and tooth health. It is rich in vitamin C and therefore acts as an antioxidant.
Passion Fruit Cultivation
Good yields are obtained if the passion fruit is cultivated in a place with good sunlight. Cultivation on terraces gives good yields and shade. Its stem may extend up to 9 metres in length. The life span of the plant ranges from 3–6 years. The plant starts fruiting after a year.