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Abiu (Pouteria caimito) Tropical Fruit Live Plants

Abiu is native to Latin America, but grows very well in most parts of India. It has a bright yellow colour outside, but the pulp inside is white. Its taste vary slightly with the variety planted, however it may be from a caramel flavor to that of a tender coconut.

  • Scientific name : Pouteria caimito
  • Propagation type: Seedling
  • Plant size: Medium
  • Maturity period: 2-3 Years
  • Fruiting season: October to January
  • Edibility rating: 8/10
  • Supplier: Saphal Agro
  • Place of shipment: Thrissur, Kerala
  • Shipment period: Within 3 days

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Though considered a rare fruit plant in India, Abiu has become a more common tropical fruit in India. It is native to the South American Amazon region. It loves in full sun but can manage in light shades too.

The fruiting season of Abiu is usually January/February; though, in India it is usually October through January.

  • Origin: Latin America
  • Common names: Abiu, Yellow Sapote
  • Scientific name: Pouteria caimito
  • Botanical family: Sapotaceae
  • Edibility rating: 8/10

Growing Abiu Plant

Abiu does well in hot and humid climates. It needs well-drained soil with slightly acidic to neutral pH. Once established, it is drought tolerant to some extent. However, ensure an adequate water supply at the time of fruiting.

Seedlings are generally used as the planting material. They are self-pollinated and do not require separate male and female plants, as the same plant produces them.

In the case of seedlings, fruiting starts in two to three years. Air-layering or graft plants may reduce this to one or two years. However, this period may be extended when the climatic conditions are less conducive.

Abiu responds well to pruning. Hence may be kept to manageable heights, say 10-12 feet. Accordingly, the spacing between plants may be from 12-15 feet, depending on the size one wishes to maintain. The canopy develops conically and may be kept round through pruning. Abiu can also be grown in large containers.

Abiu fruit description and taste

The Abiu is one of the best edible fruits in the Sapotaceae family. It has a sweet caramel flavour. They are delicious and beautiful to see with their bright yellow colour. The usual weight of the fruit is 250 to 400 gm. It contains a lot of calcium, phosphorus, vitamin A, and vitamin C. Abiu pulp is also used to flavour ice cream and to make a light breakfast with yoghurt.

The immature fruit has latex, but in matured fruit, it is seen only on the peel.

FAB-SPA

Data sheet

Fruit Plant
Abiu
Growth Type
Tree
Sunlight Needs
Full sun to light shade
Propagation Method
Seedling
Botnaical family
Sapotaceae (Sapodilla)

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